The museum has a rare collection of earliest coins known as punch marked coins (PMC) dating of Nepal are da ting at least 5th /6th century AD. which are also displayed in the gallery . These coins are recovered from the excavation of Tilaurakot, Kapilvastu.
The coins of leather and terracotta as well as a number of seal-token made of clay as displayed in the gallery. The seal-token are believed to be used for religious purposes by Buddhist people during the construction of stupas. There are controversies about the status of so-called coins of leather and terracotta as some scholars believe that they were the earliest coins prevalent in ancient Nepal.
About 36 Lichchhavi coins issued by different rulers are preserved in the museum. The Lichchhavi coins recovered fron the excavation of Dhando Chaitya, Chabahil are also preserved and displayed in this museum.